Raichur (Kannada: ರಾಯಚೂರು, rāyachūru), is a city municipal council in Raichur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Raichur, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, is the headquarters of Raichur district. It was in the princely state of Mysore during the rule of Tipu Sultan. It is located 409 km from the state capital, Bangalore.
Raichur has a rich history, having been a part of various empires, such as the Bahmanis,Vijayanagara. The city is famous for its imposing Raichur Fort. Here, stone inscriptions have been found in Persian and Arabic languages which belonged to the bastion of the fort, referring to its construction in 1294. Among the ruins of the immense fort are many tanksand old temples.
Interesting details of the battle between Sri Krishnadevaraya and Adil Shah are given in TheBattle of Raichur.
Raichur is very rich from the epigraphical point of view. It has already yielded hundreds of inscriptions, ranging from the Mauryan period up to the end of the Muslim period. The inscriptions are in a variety of languages such as Sanskrit, Prakrit, Kannada, Arabic, and Persian and belonging to almost all the dynasties that ruled over the Dekkan. The most important places from this point of view are Maski, Koppal, Kuknur, Mudgal and Raichur.
in Karnataka and India
|Coordinates||16°12′N 77°22′ECoordinates: 16°12′N 77°22′E|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+05:30)|
|• 407 metres (1,335 ftGeography|
Raichur is located at 16.2°N 77.37°E. It has an average elevation of 407 metres (1335 ft).
As of the 2001 India census, Raichur had a population of 205,634. Males constituted 51 % of the population and females 49 %. <–!Raichur has an average literacy rate of 63 %, higher than the national average of 62 %: male literacy is 58 %, and female literacy is 62 %.–> In Raichur, 13 % of the population was under 6 years of age. The main language is Kannada, but Telugu, Urdu, and Hindi are also widely spoken.
One of the most visited places in Raichur is the Raichur Thermal Power Station in Shakthinagar. It has 8 units, producing 210 MW each, employing ISO 14001, an internationally accepted specification for environmental management systems (EMS).
Anegundi, 135 km from Raichur, has some splendid temples from the Vijayanagar era such as the Ranganatha Temple and the Huchchappayana Matha. The Pampa Sarovara, the Kamal Mahal and Nava Brindavana entomb the mortal remains of famous saints.